October 27, 2021

PC TECH THERAPY

PC Tech Therapy Blog by Daniyal Computer

2021 child tax credit FAQ: Opt-out deadlines, payment schedule and more

8 min read


cash-money-stimulus-child-tax-credit-2021-piggy-bank-savings-july-15-payment-calendar-10

The next child tax credit check will be disbursed on Aug. 13. 


Sarah Tew/CNET

The first child tax credit payment was sent out July 15 to families that qualify, totaling $15 billion. Eligible families are getting up to $300 each month for each child under age 6, and up to $250 a month for each kid ages 6 to 17 through December. Checks are arriving via direct deposit and by mail, with the next one scheduled to arrive in mid-August.

Although your first payment may have arrived without any delivery hiccups, you may still have questions about the money — for instance, whether it’s the correct amount. We’ve been collecting all of the information to help you figure out whether or not to opt out of the monthly payment program, how the credit will affect your 2022 taxes and how to manage your information and payment history using the online IRS portals

Feeling stressed by child tax credit facts and figures? This FAQ should help. We’ve also compiled some information on how parents might want to use the money and how to claim up to $16,000 more for child care costs, much more than you could in previous years. This story is updated on a regular basis.

When will the next child tax credit check be delivered?

You won’t get all of the child tax credit money this year. You’ll get half of the money in monthly payments, and the rest in 2022 when you file your taxes, unless you tell the IRS you want to unenroll from the advance monthly payments to get one lump sum next year. The next check will be disbursed on Aug. 13. 

So in other words, your largest payment arrives next year — up to $1,800 per child. Until then, you get six smaller payments this year to start using right away. The idea is to bring you money sooner to meet expenses like rent, food and daycare, which is why the checks are “advance payments” this year.

Child tax credit payment schedule

Monthly Maximum payment per child 5 and younger Maximum payment per child; 6 to 17
July 15: First 2021 check $300 $250
Aug. 13 $300 $250
Sept. 15 $300 $250
Oct. 15 $300 $250
Nov. 15 $300 $250
Dec. 15: Last 2021 check $300 $250
April 2022: Second half of payment $1,800 $1,500

Why should I opt out of the enhanced monthly payments?

Advance payments are optional, and even though the majority of US families are eligible many still don’t qualify. If you’re not sure that you qualify you may prefer to opt out to avoid repaying the IRS. The next deadline to opt out is Aug. 2, but you can use the IRS Child Tax Credit Update Portal online anytime between now and December to unenroll. You may want to unenroll if you don’t meet income or other eligibility requirements. 

To stop advance checks, the IRS says you must unenroll three days before the first Thursday of the following month. See the chart below for deadlines. Once you unenroll in this year’s advance payments, you can’t yet reenroll, though the IRS says it will make a re-enrollment option available later. Also note that for couples who are married and filing jointly, each parent must unenroll separately. It is too late to opt out of the July payment, but you can unenroll for the rest of the monthly payments. 

Child tax credit payment unenrollment dates

Payment month Unenrollment deadline Payment date
July June 28 July 15
August Aug. 2 Aug. 13
September Aug. 30 Sept. 15
October Oct. 4 Oct. 15
November Nov. 1 Nov. 15
December Nov. 29 Dec. 15

What are the IRS child tax credit online portals designed to do? 

In June, the IRS opened more online tools and portals. The first portal is for people not normally required to file an income tax return, including low-income families. And the Child Tax Credit Eligibility Assistant tool — available in English and now in Spanish — helps families quickly determine whether they qualify. 

The latest Child Tax Credit Update Portal currently lets families see their eligibility, manage their payments and unenroll from the advance monthly payments. Parents can also update their direct deposit information using the portal. In the coming months, it will allow families to update other information if their circumstances changed — for example, if a new child has arrived or will arrive in 2021 and isn’t reflected on a 2020 tax return. You’ll also be able to update your mailing address, marital status, income or dependents to have the most up-to-date eligibility information. 

This handy IRS PDF also describes what the portals do. 

Does my family earn too much to qualify for payments?

Income limits determine how much you will receive and if you even qualify, though there is no limit on the number of children you can receive credit for as long as you’re eligible. 

Single filers earning less than $75,000 per year, heads of household earning less than $112,500 per year and married couples earning less than $150,000 a year will be eligible for the full amount. 

The amount you’ll get will then phase out for higher incomes. Your child tax credit payments will phase out by $50 for every $1,000 of income over those threshold amounts, according to Joanna Powell, managing director and certified financial planner at CBIZ. In other words, your family could still receive some money above those income limits, but it won’t be for the maximum payment. 


Now playing:
Watch this:

Child tax credit: Everything we know



4:17

How much money can each child qualify me for? 

How the child tax credit payments will be divided between 2021 and 2022 might be confusing. For each qualifying child age 5 and younger, up to $1,800 (half the total) will come in six $300 monthly payments this year. For each kid between the ages of 6 and 17, up to $1,500 will come as $250 monthly payments six times this year. 

The IRS bases your child’s eligibility on their age on Dec. 31, 2021, so a 5-year-old turning 6 in 2021 will qualify for a maximum of $250 per month. For both age groups, the rest of the payment will come with your 2021 tax refund when you claim the remainder of the credit in 2022. 

If you have a dependent who is 18 years old, they can qualify for $500 each. Dependents between the ages of 19 and 24 may qualify as well, but they must be enrolled in college full time. Here’s more on the financial details for qualified dependents

2021 child tax credit maximum payments

Ages 5 and younger Up to $3,600, with half as $300 advance monthly payments
Ages 6 to 17 Up to $3,000, with half as $250 advance monthly payments
Age 18 $500 one-time check
Ages 19 and 24, full-time college students $500 one-time check

Do newborns count toward child tax credit payments?

If you have a baby in 2021, your newborn will count toward the child tax credit payment of $3,600. Children who are adopted can also qualify if they’re US citizens. You’ll be able to update the IRS on a new dependent once that aspect of the Update Portal is available. 

What if I don’t receive a payment when it’s scheduled?

One thing to keep in mind is that the IRS is targeting the payment dates (see above). If you have direct deposit set up with the IRS, you might see a pending payment before the actual closing date. That means you might not be able to access the money right away, but that it’s in process.

It could take longer for your payment to arrive if you’re receiving the check by mail. If enough time has passed and you’re concerned there may be a problem, you can use the IRS Update Portal to correct your direct deposit information. You can also file an IRS payment trace if you’re worried. Check here for more information about missing payments

What if the IRS sends an overpayment? Will I have to pay it back?

Since the IRS uses your 2019 or 2020 tax return, your family may not qualify for the child tax credit payment when you file your 2021 tax return in 2022. In this case, you may have to repay the IRS some or all of the credit. The child tax credit rules aren’t as flexible as the stimulus check rules regarding overpayment. One example of when this would happen is if you and the other parent of your child (who is not your spouse) were both paid for the child tax credit for the same dependent.

To avoid this tax inconvenience, make sure all your information is updated before the payments start arriving. The Update Portal will let you make adjustments in the coming months to verify your new income and marital status. 

If I don’t file taxes, can I still get a payment?

Payments will be automatic for those who filed their 2020 tax returns by the May 17 deadline (or those who claimed all dependents on a 2019 tax return). Parents who didn’t file taxes should use the new IRS tool, called the “Non-filer Sign-up tool,” to get their money, even if you’re not usually required to file. This will let the IRS know your income level and how many dependents are in your household who count toward the child tax credit benefits. 

You could also file a tax return to get the full monthly child tax credit payment you’re owed. 

011-cash-stimulus-child-tax-credit-3600-calculator-cnet-2021-2020-federal-government-money-baby-family-pacifier-sippy

You’ll get the other half your total child tax credit payment next year with your tax refund. 


Sarah Tew/CNET

If I have joint custody of a dependent, how do payments work?

For the first two stimulus checks, some parents who shared custody of a child but weren’t married to each other were entitled to each claim money for the same child. That was only if they alternated years for claiming the dependent — in other words, if one parent claimed the child on their taxes in odd years and the other claimed the child on their taxes in even years.

This is no longer allowed for the third check, and we’re told it won’t work that way for the child tax credit payments either. Here’s what we know so far about the child tax credit and shared custody situations.

If the child switches homes this year, the parents will need to agree on who will claim the child on their taxes this year. The parent that files the child and receives the child tax credit payments will need to fill out Form 8332 and include it with the tax return. If you don’t qualify or want to get the money in one lump sum, you can also opt out of early payments. Remember, if you’re not eligible and receive the money, you may have to pay the IRS back during tax time. 

Will child tax credit payments impact my taxes next year? 

If you’re eligible for advance payments and choose to get the extra cash this year, you’ll receive the second half of your total on your taxes next year. You’ll need the total amount of child tax credit money received in 2021 to compare it with how much you can claim. The IRS will send a letter of your personalized estimate; you’ll need it for your 2021 tax return. You may have to repay the IRS if you got more than you were supposed to. 

On the other hand, if you opted out of early child tax credit payments you’ll get the money in one lump sum. Parents who don’t qualify for the extra cash (for example, having a higher income) may be eligible for the $2,000 child tax credit refund.



Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *